The Texas Poison Center Network (TPCN) was established by the Texas Legislature in 1993 when they passed Senate Bill 773. This bill mandated that a network of six regional poison centers be established to provide emergency treatment information to the citizens of Texas for poisonings or toxic exposures. Access to health care advice is available via a 24-hour toll free hotline (1-800-222-1222) for both the lay public and health care providers in the state. If necessary, callers may be referred to the nearest hospital to assist in the person's initial treatment and follow-up care.
Exposure information for this module was derived from each unique opioid-related substance exposure call to the Texas Poison Center Network (TPCN) during 2000-2017. Opioid-related exposures were identified using substance/product codes designating opioids. This module includes only those calls involving opioid exposures; calls asking for information were not included.
The demographic and geographic information included in this module are: county of residence, age group, and gender.
Opioid Category: Opioid category is indicated by the following groupings of substance/product codes: heroin, commonly prescribed opioids (natural opioid analgesics such as morphine and codeine; semisynthetic opioid analgesics such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and oxymorphone; and methadone), and synthetic opioids other than methadone (e.g., tramadol and fentanyl). It is not possible to determine whether an opioid was illegally produced or pharmaceutical, nor how it was obtained; for example, exposures to fentanyl include both legally prescribed and illegally produced fentanyl. Exposure calls may involve more than one type of opioid (e.g., heroin and opioid pain relievers), so users should avoid adding totals by opioid category.
For more information about this module, please contact CHS-Info@dshs.texas.gov